The European hedgehog is found in almost the entire continent of Europe. It is the most well-known species of hedgehog in the wild and also the most protected species. The species occurs from Spain to Norway and therefore has a very large habitat with a wide variety of climates. The European hedgehog is not a protected species in most countries that cannot simply be taken care of in the house, unless there is really no other option.
The habitat of the European hedgehog covers a very large area. The species occurs in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland and the United Kingdom.
To reflect the extreme differences in the climate, we describe the climate in Spain and the climate in Finland. The differences are very large and that indicates that the species is very resistant to differences in habitats.
The highest temperature in Spain is on average 30 degrees Celsius in summer and the lowest temperature is 6 degrees Celsius in winter. The country has between 4 hours of sunlight per day in winter and 10 hours of sunlight per day in summer. In summer, about 0.5 mm falls per day on about 3-5 days per month. In winter this increases to 3 mm per day on 7 days per month.
In Finland the highest temperature is on average 22 degrees Celsius in summer and the lowest temperature is about -10 degrees Celsius in winter. The country has less than 1 hour of sunlight per day in winter, increasing to 9 hours of sunlight per day in summer. Year-round there is between 1 and 2.5 mm of rain per day on 7 to 12 days per month.
Flora & Fauna
The European hedgehog has a large habitat and can also be found in mountain ranges up to an altitude of 2000 meters! With such immense diversity, it makes sense that there are so many animals living within their habitat. For example, in Western Europe mainly foxes, wild boars and many small animals occur, while towards Eastern and Northern Europe there are also wolves, brown bears and lynxes. Towards the north of Europe are also moose and wolverines.