The South African hedgehog has its habitat, as the name suggests, in the southern part of Africa. The species mainly lives on farmland, grassland and along the edges of forest areas. The species is also kept locally as pets, but to date has not been exported to other continents as such. The species is also hunted locally for its meat or to use the spines for medicinal purposes. The animals do not hibernate, but do hibernate during the colder days of the year. They then sleep more and eat less, but remain active in between.
The South African hedgehogs live in two completely separate habitats and are therefore quite special. The smallest habitat is in Central and Northern Namibia to South-West Angola. The largest habitat extends from South Africa, through eastern Botswana to northern Zimbabwe. This area also runs through small parts of Lesotho.
In the largest habitat of the South African hedgehog, the highest measured temperature is about 32 degrees Celsius and the lowest about 5 degrees Celsius. In the dry season, less than 0.5 mm of rain falls per day on an average of 2 days per month. In the rainy season there is about 5 mm of rain per day on about 12 days per month. Throughout the year, the South African hedgehogs in this area have 8 to 10 hours of sunlight per day.
In the smallest habitat, the highest temperature is around 33 degrees Celsius and the lowest temperature around 8 degrees Celsius. In the dry season, there is on average only one day of rain per month, which is less than 0.3 mm. In the rainy season there is about 3mm of rain per day on an average of 8 days per month. There is between 4 and 7 hours of sunlight per day in this habitat.
Flora & Fauna
Most of the South African hedgehog's overall habitat consists of grassland, savanna, dry plateaus and small areas of woodland. There are, among others, Blue wildebeest, antelope and African wild dogs. Towards South Africa there are also giraffes, elephants, cheetahs and Kudus.
Most plants in these areas consist of grasses and shrubs. Some trees that occur there are mahogany species, figs, Baobab trees and Teak trees.